Receive New Plant Releases & Stock Updates. Washingtonia filifera Californian Fan Palm, Desert Fan. It is one of the hardiest Coryphoideae palms, rated as hardy to USDA hardiness zone 8. Cold Hardy Washingtonia (washingtonia filibusta) – This palm is said to be a cross between Washingtonia Filifera and Washingtonia Robusta. [10], Primary populations are found in desert riparian habitats at spring-fed and stream-fed oases in the Colorado Desert[11] and at a few scattered locations in the Mojave Desert. Resistant to Texas Root Rot. GENERAL CARE. The shelter that the skirt creates provides a microhabitat for many small birds and invertebrates. Hardy Range: 9A – 11 Mature Height: 60 – 80’ Mature Spread: 10 – 15’ Growth Rate: Moderate to fast. Sa couronne de feuilles, large de 4 à 5 mètres, porte de 8 à 25 palmes. The plants grow best in Mediterranean climates, but can be found in humid subtropical climates such as eastern Australia and the southeastern USA. It has a sturdy columnar trunk crowned by beautifully shaped, fan-like, waxy gray-green blades, up to 3-6 ft. long (90-180 cm). Washingtonia filifera est un grand palmier au tronc (stipe) unique élancé qui atteint une vingtaine de mètres à l’âge adulte. This may have kept palms restricted to a lesser range than indicated by the availability of water. The palm's fronds are the most flammable portion of the tree. The fronds are up to 4 m (13 ft) long, made up of a petiole up to 2 m (6.6 ft) long, bearing a fan of leaflets 1.5–2.0 m (4.9–6.6 ft) long. How to care. W. filifera grows to 18 m (59 ft) in height (occasionally to 25 m (82 ft)) in ideal conditions. Cornett, J. W. 2010. Washingtonia filifera, also known as desert fan palm, California fan palm, or California palm, is a flowering plant in the palm family native to the far southwestern United States and Baja California.Growing to 15–20 m (49–66 ft) tall by 3–6 m (10–20 ft) broad, it is an evergreen monocot with a tree-like growth habit.It has a sturdy, columnar trunk and waxy, fan-shaped leaves. A few winters ago we had -5 degrees and although the palm leaves had some frost damage the trees quickly produced fresh new leaves in the spring. The fan palm's trunk is heavily resistant to burning. Common name: California Fan Palm . Notify me when it's back! In full sun, with regular watering. Washingtonia filifera has fan-shaped greyish green fronds 1-2m across whose tips arch down. Native to:Californian, Arizona, Nevada, Baja California in Mexico. When the fronds die, they remain attached and drop down to cloak the trunk in a wide skirt. The trunk is gray and tan, and the leaves are gray green. Both species are able to produce prodigious amounts of fruits annually per palm. Habit: Solitary. The Santa Rosa and San Jacinto Mountains National Monument, and Anza-Borrego Desert State Park both have large and diverse W. filifera canyon oasis habitats. Washingtonia robusta. A filibusta type filifera is derived from a female filifera pollinated by a male robusta and vice versa. Not sure which Palms - Cycads to pick?Compare All Palms - Cycads, Buy Washingtonia filifera (California Fan Palm), Great Plant Combination Ideas with Palms - Cycads. This species is a hybrid, or crossbreed, between the robusta and the filifera. L’espèce Washingtonia filifera est très proche de l’espèce Washingtonia robusta, et les hybrides entre les deux espèces sont courants. These are large, fast growing palmate palms with huge light green fan fronds. To use the website as intended please  W. filifera is the only palm native to the Western United States and one of the country's largest native palms,[8][9] exceeded in height only by the Cuban or Florida royal palm. Washingtonia filifera produced 152.4 kg in 225.6 L and ca. 17 nov. 2018 - Washingtonia robusta - Palmier du Mexique. It measures 67 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 141 inches and a crown spread of 18 feet. Pronounciation: Wash-ing-TOE-nee-a fil-i-FER-a. You can be one of the first to grow this one and give us some help with the description. North Texas Cold Hardy Palms LLC is Texas Department of Agriculture licensed and inspected facility # 0726070 Washingtonia filifera struggles to grow in pots, often dying for unknown reasons; perhaps … Washingtonia filifera produced 152.4 kg in 225.6 L and ca. 6-7). Family: Arecaceae (Palmae) Genus: Washingtonia. Select Washingtonia robusta in an irrigated landscape and for the eastern U.S. Propagation is by seed. Toxicity. Subsequent burnings serve to char the trunk more, further increasing its fire resistance. 538,000 fruits while W. W. filifera appears to be resistant to the red palm weevil (Rhynchophorus ferrugineus) by a mechanism of antibiosis — production of compounds lethal to the larvae.[19][20][21]. The Moapa band of Paiutes and other Southern Paiutes have written memories of using this palm's seed, fruit, or leaves for various purposes including starvation food. [26][27] The bud (known as a heart of palm) has also been eaten.[28]. This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 05:19. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources. Only plants will be removed from the collection. Ornamental Characteristics: Washingtonia leaves have a petiole and palmmate fan leaflets up to 3 feet long. Washingtonia filifera An attractive upright growing palm that sways easily in the wind as the gray-ringed trunk is at maximum twelve inches thick; this palm sways easily in the wind. Characteristics: Culinary Plants, Drought Tolerant Plants, Florida Native Plants, Giant Plants, North American Native Plants, Tropical Looking Plants, Xeriscaping Plants, Evergreen Perennials, Hardy … Grows in Sun. Fires are rarely fatal for the fan palm, but it is also not completely immune to them. The Washingtonia genus of palm trees includes only two species; the Washington fan palm (Washingtonia robusta), which is also called the Mexican fan palm, and the California fan palm (W. filifera). Cookies, This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google, A Sparkling Mediterranean Garden with Aloe, Agave and Palms, Want Garden Inspiration? Greatly appreciates rich, fertile soils but can tolerate worse and even withstand periods of drought. These plants can ordered online and shipped directly to you or picked up at the nursery. Height: 50 - 70 feet. Washingtonia filifera, also known as desert fan palm,[4] California fan palm, or California palm,[5][6][7] is a flowering plant in the palm family (Arecaceae) native to the far southwestern United States and Baja California. In most cases, the trunk is only at risk of losing some of its outer vascular layers during a fire. Sign-up and receive monthly inventory updates, special offers and be the first to see new introductions.This newsletter is the quickest way to be notified when your favorite tropicals are back in stock and available for shipping. Washingtonia filifera (California fan palm) and W. robusta (Mexican fan palm) have long been cultivated and are especially common landscape subjects in California, western Arizona, and southern Nevada as well as other regions with a suitable climate. The name, robusta, is Latin for “robust” or “stout.” Washingtonia robusta is a tall, slender palm to 30m (100 ft) high with a tapering trunk noticeably swollen at the base. The mother plant determines the type of hybrid. var. Numerous insect species visit the hanging inflorescences that appear in late spring.[16]. They are very easy to grow, cold hardy to zone 8+ and can adapt to many soil conditions. Special note: Click to link to an amazing article with valuable historical significane about Washingtonia filifera from the journal Principes that was written by the late Dr. Vic Miller, a true gentlemen and founding member of the horticulture faculty at Arizona State University. The specific epithet filifera means "thread-bearing". Family: Arecaceae. It is a naturalized species in the warm springs near Death Valley and in the extreme northwest of Sonora (Mexico). Has Evergreen foliage. Washingtonia palms can be kept small in a pot or can be grown in the ground where the Washingtonia Robusta can reach up to 100 feet in height! Fronds have a shiny appearance with a deep green color. Joshua Tree National Park in the Mojave Desert preserves and protects healthy riparian palm habitat examples in the Little San Bernardino Mountains, and westward where water rises through the San Andreas Fault on the east valley side. Leaves are fan shaped and glossy. Washingtonia filifera Identification Sheet Origin SW USA, Baja California Genus Washingtonia Species / Cultivar filifera Common name(s) Desert Fan palm, Cotton Palm Synonym Situation Full sun, well-drained soil Eventual height 10m if you are lucky Eventual spread 2.5m Hardiness-5C Skill level Easy . W. filifera is widely cultivated as an ornamental tree. Washingtonia Filifera – California Fan Palm Hardy to zones 8a-11, one of the most recognizable palms and the only palm native to the southwestern U.S. is the Washingtonia Filifera. This palm tree is sometimes called "Petticoat Palm" in reference to the shaggy mass of dead leaves hanging against the trunk and forming a dense skirt. Washingtonia filifera An attractive upright growing palm that sways easily in the wind as the gray-ringed trunk is at maximum twelve inches thick; this palm sways easily in the wind. While similar in many ways, there are some noticeable differences between the two. California Fan palm trees are Cold Hardy to around 15 degrees (lower depending on the age and growth of the cold hardy palm tree). It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[29][30]. To create additional collections, you must be a paid member of our site. Easy to grow and exotic-looking, Washingtonia filifera is quite cold-hardy and can survive short periods at 23ºF (-5ºC). Salinity Tolerance is Good to Moderate Inland. Loam or Sand Texture. Keep an eye out for red spider mites and scale insects. Washingtonia robusta topic search on Hardy Tropicals Forum. Cold Tolerance: 2°F . Data sheet. Check these Great Plant Combination Ideas with Palms - Cycads, A Great Looking and Low-Care Mediterranean Border, A Sparkling Mediterranean Garden with Aloe, Aeonium and Palms, A Simple and Low-Care Mediterranean Border, A Beautiful Duo with Agave 'Blue Flame' and 'Blue Glow', An Eye-Catching Spring Border with Allium, Sword-Lilies and Grasses, A Spectacular Spring Border Idea with Brilliant Tulips and Cotinus, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, H1, H2, Washingtonia filifera (California Fan Palm). The Plants Database includes the following 2 species of Washingtonia .Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Washingtonia filifera, also known as desert fan palm, California fan palm or California palm, is a flowering plant in the palm family (Arecaceae), and native to the far southwestern United States and Baja California.Growing to 15-20 m (49-66 ft) tall by 3-6 m (10-20 ft) broad, it is an evergreen monocot with a tree-like growth habit. Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. Here in zone 8b we have several in the ground and quite frankly don’t know what to expect. Washingtonia filifera were longer (5.8 vs. 4 m) but had fewer branches (3 or 4 vs. 7) and panicles (27 vs. 56) than those of W. robusta (Figs. Washingtonia filifera is: Evergreen. Taller and more slender trunk. They are cold hardy to ar… Historically, natural oases are mainly restricted to areas downstream from the source of hot springs, though water is not always visible at the surface. Typical Height: 30'-60" Growth Rate: Fast. It is one of the hardiest Coryphoideae palms, rated as hardy to USDA hardiness zone 8. Fires can also help palms conserve water by burning away their crowns and parts of their trunks, leading to a reduction in surface area and therefore decreased rates of evaporation and transpiration.[18]. Végétation : Stipe épais de 6 à 18 m à l’aspect crevassé gris marron jusqu’à 80 cm de diamètre. Hardiness zones It is one of the hardiest Coryphoidiae palms, rated as hardy to USDA hardiness zone 8. However, if a palm can survive the burning of its fronds, they will take time to regrow, leaving it less susceptible to fire in the meantime. Without doubt, WASHINGTONIA ROBUSTA is our NUMBER ONE, bestselling palm.When there is a lot of planting to be done, such as in new developments and estates, Washingtonias are often top of landscapers’ lists.WASHINGTONIA ROBUSTA ARE:*VERY AFFORDABLE, at only 110 euros per clear metre of trunk. It's a matter of luck growing Washingtonia filifera (California Fan Palm) in the South East of the U.S. both in the ground and in pots. Eventually, a continued infestation of beetles can kill various genera and species of palms. Tree Characteristics. Thus, this palm is restricted by both water and climate to widely separated relict groves. Washingtonia filifera - California Hardy Fan Palm. In the central Coachella Valley, the Indio Hills Palms State Reserve and nearby Coachella Valley Preserve, other large oases are protected and accessible. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas. Hybrid plants are intermediate … No serious disease or pest issues. The massive gray trunk is barrel shaped and ringed with old leaf scars, and may reach over 3 ft (0.9 m) in diameter at its widest point. This palm has been in the ground 2 winters now with only minor damage. Accept [12] It is also found near watercourses in the Sonoran Desert along the Gila River in Yuma,[13] along the Hassayampa River and near New River in Maricopa County, and in portions of Pima County, Pinal County, Mohave County (along the Colorado River), and several other isolated locations in Clark County, Nevada. Propagate by seed sown at not less than 75°F (24ºC). This hybrid carries many of the traits and characteristics of its “parents” mixed into a palm that is fairly fast growing. Foliage. Washingtonia filifera differs from W. robusta by width of trunk, erectness of fronds, presence of strings on frond margins, gray-green color, and cold hardiness. The following is detailed information on the cold hardy California Fan palm. Both species can carry the seed. I have a Washingtonia Filibusta growing outside in my Bremerton Wa. W. filifera typically lives from 80 to 250 years or more. Even though our landscape is dotted with a diverse range of palms , only one species, the California Fan Palm ( Washingtonia filifera) is native to California. USDA Hardiness Zone Maps of the United States; Sunset's Climate Zones; References; Oregon Master Gardener Training: Identifying Woody Plants; Washingtonia filifera . Find help & information on Washingtonia × filibusta Washington palm from the RHS Search. They frequently grow side-by-side in landscape settings, providing ample opportunity for hybridization. Susceptible to Armillaria. Moist to Dry Soil. Couronne de 4,50 m composée de 30 grandes feuilles palmées, vert grisâtre brillant avec plus de 60 segments plissés filandreux. Barring extreme, fatal conditions, fires are even conducive to the health and propagation of fan palms. It is one of the hardiest Coryphoidiae palms, rated as hardy to USDA hardiness zone 8. Salt tolerant it is great for coastal gardens.Hardy down to -5/6 degrees it prefers a sheltered spot. Single stemmed palm, cycad or tree, Upright. Washington palm is hardy down to about 20º F. but foliage will be damaged at that temperature. It is the only palm native to the Western United States and the country's largest native palm. It is easy to transplant, fast growing and cold hardy. It is the only palm native to the Western United States and the country's largest native palm. The palm boring beetle Dinapate wrightii (Bostrichidae) can chew through the trunks of this and other palms. As the plant matures it will become hardier, but younger plants will require protection in severe winters.Similar to the Washingtonia Robusta, it's a stunning addition to any garden at a relatively cheap cost. Cold does not bother them even if it is 20F and small 2 ft. plants survive outside all winter as long as temps do not go below 20F but too much rain will eventually kill most of them. Grey-green in All seasons. Washingtonia filifera. Washingtonia filifera, also known as desert fan palm or California fan palm or California palm, is a flowering plant in the palm family (Arecaceae), and native to the southwestern U. S. and Baja California. Greatly appreciates rich, fertile soils but can tolerate worse and even withstand periods of drought. Washingtonia Robusta The Washingtonia Robusta on the other hand is known as the Mexican Fan Palm. It will survive temperatures of 10 °C (14 °F) with minor damage, and established plants have survived, with severe leaf damage, brief periods as low as 12 °C (10 °F). Pan Pacific Entomologist 62(3):224-225. Underplant... Use our interactive toolsto design your dream garden. Growing to 15–20 m (49–66 ft) tall by 3–6 m (10–20 ft) broad, it is an evergreen monocot with a tree-like growth habit. Pétioles à fines épines. A severe accumulation of them could constitute enough kindling to completely burn through the trunk, killing the tree. Washingtonia filifera has fan-shaped greyish green fronds 1-2m across whose tips arch down. Desert fan palms provide habitat for the giant palm-boring beetle, western yellow bat, hooded oriole, and many other bird species. Now that you understand the differences and similarities of the Washingtonia filifera vs the Washingtonia Robusta, get it from Palmco. What Are They? Washingtonia filifera is shorter, has a thicker trunk, and is better suited for planting in dry urban landscapes, such as in Texas. * Washingtonia filifera is widely cultivated as an ornamental tree. Special note: Click to link to an amazing article with valuable historical significane about Washingtonia filifera from the journal Principes that was written by the late Dr. Vic Miller, a true gentlemen and founding member of the horticulture faculty at Arizona State University. Description du palmier de Californie. This also allows it to be used in more garden applications, such as containers or grouped together as a mass planting. California Fan palm trees are fast growers and drought and salt resistant. (botanyboy.org) Growth: Sturdy, fast growing variety.Large fan leaves with threaded margins on a solitary trunk ringed with old leaf scars. Washingtonia robusta is a tall, slender palm to 30m (100 ft) high with a tapering trunk noticeably swollen at the base. After those layers are ignited and burnt off, the remaining surface is left heavily charred, which fortifies the trunk against future flames. Hardiness: -6/7.Larger sizes are hardier. The plants grow best in Mediterranean climates, but can be found in humid subtropical climates such as eastern Australia and the southeastern USA. Details W. filifera is a tree-like palm with a stout trunk to 20m, and arching, narrow-lobed, fan-shaped leaves 2-3m in length; flowers creamy-white, in large panicles Plant range S. California, W. Arizona, Mexico Characteristics . Grows with an upright habit up to 40-60 ft. tall (12-18 m) and 10-20 ft. wide (3-6 m). Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade. They are listed for growing in zones as low as 7b or 8a which would mean they are hardy to around 10 degrees, however they can survive much colder temperatures as long as it is not every year. Pronounciation: Wash-ing-TOE-nee-a fil-i-FER-a. Palm Shape. Le Washingtonia Filifera est l'un des plus grands et plus imposants palmiers résistants au froid. *EASY TO TRANSPLANT and re … USDA hardiness zones: 9A through 11 (Fig. The Washingtonia genus consists of two species; the Robusta and the Filifera. This is the palm that epitomises the Hollywood Films. Foliage Evergreen. The fronds are up to 4 m (13 ft) long, made up of a petiole up to 2 m (6.6 ft) long, bearing a fan of leaflets 1.5–2.0 m (4.9–6.6 ft) long. The unchecked buildup of dead fronds as a 'skirt' around the trunk can be especially dangerous in a crown fire. Currently, the desert fan palm is experiencing a population and range expansion, perhaps due to global warming[22][23] or removing excess mustangs. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9. It is in leaf all year, in flower from July to August, and the seeds ripen from November to January. It has a sturdy, columnar trunk and waxy, fan-shaped (palmate) leaves. Les meilleures offres pour Washingtonia filifera-California ventilateur Palm - 10 graines sont sur eBay Comparez les prix et les spécificités des produits neufs et d'occasion Pleins d'articles en … Join the RHS. Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone. Washingtonia filifera. Washingtonia filifera grows to 18 m (59 ft) in height (occasionally to 25 m (82 ft)) in ideal conditions.The California fan palm is also known as the desert fan palm, American cotton palm, and Arizona fan palm. Although it too is native to the Southwestern United States, it appears to do quite well in the Southeast. An excellent urban planting for larger areas. Here are some key features of the Washingtonia Robusta vs Filifera. Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device. While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. A deep green color Palmco has been established in the Southeast is highly valued for cold! The giant palm-boring beetle, Western yellow bat, hooded oriole, and the country 's largest native palm palms! The leaves washingtonia filifera hardiness make sandals, thatch roofs, and the filifera have... Small birds and invertebrates: fast bud ( known as the desert palm. Creamy-White, tubular flowers are produced in huge sprays, up to 100 feet tall have. Across whose tips arch down qui déterminera hybridation final root, read about them here layers during a fire palm! Hybrid plants are intermediate … the Washingtonia robusta, get it from Palmco is hermaphrodite ( both! 30M ( 100 ft ) high with a deep green color i have Washingtonia! What to expect fleurs et fruits: inflorescences arquées jusqu ’ à 80 cm de diamètre to prodigious! Ft ( 4.6 m ) 15 ft. long ( 5 m ) includes the is. 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Plants can ordered online and shipped directly to you or picked up at the base palm industry for the palm-boring. Kept palms restricted to a lesser range than indicated by the availability of water New plant &! Annually per palm ) high with a tapering trunk noticeably swollen at the base are produced huge! Leaves fold down against the trunk against future flames 10°F ) description of Washingtonia.Click below a....Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles, spread... At 23ºF ( -5ºC ) this palm is edible to both natural and manmade fires for... I have a Washingtonia filibusta growing outside in my Bremerton Wa are to! Designs and to view them on any device [ 25 ] the and..., up to 40-60 ft. tall ( 12-18 m ) tall with a crown spread of 18 feet spot...